Starting with the Sumerians, a number of powerful dynasties and empires ruled the present day region of Goa. Indo - Aryans, Dravidians, Mauryans and many other Hindu dynasties helped in the development of the state. After being ruled for short intervals by the Delhi Sultanate, Vijayanagara Empire and Bijapur rulers, the region was finally annexed by the Portuguese in the beginning of the 16th century. Today, the state has proportionate mix of Hindu and Catholic populations, which add to the culture of Goa in their respective ways.
The most sought - after activity in Goa is to explore the splendid beaches, offering multiple activities to relax and have fun.Arjuna Beach in North Goa is one of the popular tourist beaches, known for its red cliffs, coconut plantations and attractive white sand. The beach helps the tourists to explore the amusing side of Goa with its nightlife venues and outdoor parties. Another highlight of the beach is the flea markets and night bazaars. North Goa has many other beaches like the quiet Arambol Beach and the crowded Baga Beach. Calangute Beach also has its own charm and is a regular host to the rave parties.
The most popular among the South Goa beaches is the Colva Beach which has admirable scenic beauty to its credit. Agonda, Patnem and Palolem Beaches, though smaller than other beaches, offer peaceful atmospheres to spend quality moments. The star attractions at many of the beaches in Goa are the water sports and adventure activities. The very entertaining banana ride at these beaches is an extremely engaging experience to take part in. The thrilling activity of jet skiing is another opportunity for the adventure - lovers. In addition, the tourists in huge numbers take part in the breathtaking activities like waterskiing, kite surfing, diving and parasailing.