Vishu is the most auspicious festival of Kerala that heralds the beginning of New Year according to the Malayalam calendar. It is typically observed on the first day of the Malayalam month of Medam, usually falling in April.

Vishu is regarded by Keralites as their harvest festival, signifying the start of various agricultural endeavours. It is a time of great joy and anticipation, marked by vibrant celebrations that bring together families and communities in a spirit of renewal and prosperity. One of the enduring symbols of the Vishu Festival is the radiant golden-yellow Kani Konna Flowers, also known as the Golden Shower Tree (Indian Laburnum or Cassia Fistula). Keralites observe Vishu with immense enthusiasm, engaging in rituals like the auspicious Vishu Kani, Vishukkaineetam, Vishu Kodi, Vishu Kali, and indulging in the authentic Vishu Sadya feast.

The essence of Vishu lies in its unique rituals and customs, each imbued with deep symbolism and significance. The day begins with the Vishukkani, an elaborate arrangement of auspicious items such as rice, fruits, vegetables, flowers, gold ornaments, metal mirrors (Vaal Kannadi), gold, coins, currency notes, oil lamp (Nilavilaku), Holy books of Hindus like Ramayana or Bhagavad-Gita, etc. meticulously arranged in front of the idol of Lord Krishna. The Vishukkani is believed to bring blessings and prosperity for the coming year, and it is customary for family members to wake up early and first lay their eyes on this auspicious sight.

Another essential aspect of Vishu is Vishukkaineetam, where elders gift money or presents to younger family members, symbolizing blessings and fostering unity. The highlight is the grand Vishu Sadhya feast, featuring a variety of traditional dishes served on banana leaves, showcasing Kerala's culinary richness. Vishu also includes cultural festivities, with communities enjoying music, dance, and fireworks, enhancing the celebratory atmosphere.

Specialty of Festival:

The Vishu Festival holds great significance as the most auspicious festival in Kerala, marking the astrological New Year for Keralites.

Month of Festival:

Vishu is celebrated on the first day of the Malayalam month of Medam, typically falling in April.

How to reach?

By Air : Kerala boasts four international airports, namely Cochin International Airport, Thiruvananthapuram International Airport, Karipur International Airport, and Kannur International Airport.

By Train :Kerala has approximately 200 railway stations, ensuring excellent connectivity with major cities across India such as Delhi, Mumbai, Chennai, Bangalore, Kolkata, and more.

By Road :Kerala boasts a well-established network of roadways that directly links it with neighbouring states in South India, such as Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, and Andhra Pradesh. Kerala State Transport buses and private buses operate regularly, connecting various parts of the state.

By Water :Kerala can also be reached via ship, with a rich maritime history boasting many seaports. Major ports like the Port of Kochi and Vizhinjam International Seaport serve as vital marine routes to Kerala from various countries. Additionally, Kerala's scenic backwaters are not just a tourist attraction but also a traditional mode of transportation. Public ferry services, houseboats, and speedboats are available for travel within Kerala. Passenger boat services operate along waterways from boat jetties at Kollam, Alappuzha, Fort Kochi, Ernakulam, and other locations.


1.When is Vishu celebrated?

Vishu is celebrated every year on the first day of the Malayalam month of Medam, typically falling in April.

2.Is the Vishu Festival only celebrated in Kerala?

Vishu Festival is primarily celebrated in Kerala, but it is also observed in other states with Malayali populations like Tamil Nadu, Karnataka and abroad. The festival may have variations in customs and rituals depending on the region.

3.What are the main rituals and customs of the Vishu Festival in Kerala?

The main rituals of the Vishu festival in Kerala include setting up the Vishukkani, giving Vishukkaineetam, and enjoying the Vishu Sadhya feast, symbolizing prosperity and renewal for the New Year. Additionally, exchanging gifts, enjoying cultural performances, and sometimes setting off fireworks are part of the celebrations.