Thaipooyam is a famous Hindu festival celebrated with great devotion all across Kerala, especially at Subramanya Temples or some Shiva Temples. It is dedicated to the Hindu deity Lord Subramanya (Lord Muruga), son of Lord Shiva. The Thaipooyam Festival is observed every year on the Pushya star of the Makara Masa, which falls between January and February. This festival is celebrated as the victory of good over evil, commemorating the day when Goddess Parvathi bestowed upon her son, Lord Subramanya, an invincible lance known as 'Vel,' with which he vanquished the evil demon, Tharakasura.

During the Thaipooyam Festival, the vibrant 'Kavadiyattam' is performed as a colourful ritual dance, dedicated to Lord Muruga. Devotees, dressed in bright yellow or saffron attire, carry ornate Kavadi on their shoulders - a large bow adorned with peacock feathers or flowers - while moving to the rhythm of percussion instruments like Udukku and Chenda. The energetic display of Kavadi dancers creates a captivating atmosphere for onlookers. Devotees undergo 41 days of strict penance, wearing a Tulsi or Rudraksha mala and adhering to a vegetarian diet while abstaining from footwear and shirts. Kavadiyattam symbolizes Lord Shiva's dance, gradually building to a fast pace resembling the Shiva Tandava. Some dancers pierce their cheeks with lances as a symbolic purification ritual.

The Thaipooyam Festival, with its mesmerizing Kavadiyattam, draws thousands of people each year for its vibrant atmosphere and exuberance. The procession of caparisoned elephants adds to the spectacle, while dazzling fireworks signal the end of this colourful celebration. Notable temples like the Sree Subrahmanya Swamy Temple in Haripad, Alleppey district, and the Sree Maheswara Temple in Koorkancherry, Thrissur district, are renowned for their grand Thaipooyam festivities.

Specialty of Festival:

The specialty of the Thaipooyam festival lies in its tribute to the victory of the Hindu God Murugan (Lord Subramanya). Armed with a celestial spear gifted by Parvati, Murugan triumphed over the demon Tharakasura.

Month of Festival:

Thaipooyam Festival is observed on the Pushya star of Makara Masa which falls between January and February.

How to reach?

By Air : Kerala boasts four international airports, namely Cochin International Airport, Thiruvananthapuram International Airport, Karipur International Airport, and Kannur International Airport.

By Train :Kerala has approximately 200 railway stations, ensuring excellent connectivity with major cities across India such as Delhi, Mumbai, Chennai, Bangalore, Kolkata, and more.

By Road :Kerala boasts a well-established network of roadways that directly links it with neighbouring states in South India, such as Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, and Andhra Pradesh. Kerala State Transport buses and private buses operate regularly, connecting various parts of the state.

By Water :Kerala can also be reached via ship, with a rich maritime history boasting many seaports. Major ports like the Port of Kochi and Vizhinjam International Seaport serve as vital marine routes to Kerala from various countries. Additionally, Kerala's scenic backwaters are not just a tourist attraction but also a traditional mode of transportation. Public ferry services, houseboats, and speedboats are available for travel within Kerala. Passenger boat services operate along waterways from boat jetties at Kollam, Alappuzha, Fort Kochi, Ernakulam, and other locations.


1.When is the Thaipooyam Festival celebrated in Kerala?

Thaipooyam Festival is celebrated in Kerala every year on the Pushya star of Makara Masa which falls between January and February.

2.Which are the famous temples in Kerala that celebrate Thaipooyam Mahotsavam?

Sree Subrahmanya Swamy Temple at Haripad in Alleppey district and Sree Maheswara Temple at Koorkancherry in Thrissur district are the famous temples in Kerala that celebrate Thaipooyam Mahotsavam in much pomp and grandeur.

3.What is the main ritual observed during the Thaipooyam Festival?

The main ritual of the Thaipooyam festival is the procession of devotees carrying Kavadi, a huge bow, richly decorated with peacock feathers (peacock is regarded as the vehicle of Lord Subramanya), flowers or other decorations, as they fulfil vows and seek blessings from Lord Murugan.