These dynamic cities are gateways into India. They are alive with countless travellers, some spending a night before moving on to other destinations, others choosing to stay longer and soak up the sights, sounds and vibrations of their exotic surroundings.
India's capital is home to over 17 million people hailing from all corners of the country.
The city is divided into two parts, Old & New Delhi.
The old city is settled within the remnants of a sturdy defensive wall and spread out towards the west of the famous Red Fort which was built by Mughal emperor Shah Jahan between 1638 and 1648. The planning of New Delhi started in 1911 and the new city was inaugurated 20 years later Delhi is steeped in a history which dates back 3000 years.
Old Delhi has some dramatic remnants of the Mughal Empire. You will be able to visit the Red Fort and Jama Masjid, India's largest mosque, both built by emperor Shah Jahan. Rajghat is the site of Mahatma Gandhi's cremation and a significant modern day pilgrimage site. Throughout New Delhi there are shopping areas and restaurants plus modern temples including the Lotus Temple in South Delhi.
Like an adolescent stretching his identity in a widening world, Bangalore is jumping with extraordinary levels of new construction and rapid expansion. It's all due to the globalisation of the IT industry and the proliferation of international call centres. Consequently, ambitious young people have flocked to the colleges here hoping to graduate in computer science and make their fortunes as the IT gurus of the 21st century. Bangalore's vibrant night life reflects this youthful energy. Situated up on the Deccan plateau, Bangalore enjoys a slightly cooler climate and is known for its gardens and green urban spaces. While not noted for sights of traditional value, there is striking architecture to be found in the local parliament buildings and Tippu Sultan's palace. A short stop in Bangalore is sufficient to get a feeling for the various activities that keep this city busy around the clock.
Any city which is inexorably linked with a 'Black Hole' bearing the same name could be said to have an image problem. The city formerly known as Calcutta has begun to transcend this image in recent years however, and overseas visitors are now starting to recognise that it is an energetic and cosmopolitan city well deserving its title as the Cultural Capital of India. Indeed Calcutta was the original capital city of modern India until the British moved their base of government to Delhi in 1911. Now home to a population in excess of 12 million people, Kolkata has many monuments to its rich colonial past including the impressive Victoria Memorial, Eden Gardens near the Maidan Fort and Birla Planetarium, all of which can be seen in a day's sightseeing of the city.
Formerly Bombay, Mumbai, the capital of Maharashtra, is the fastest moving, most affluent and industrialised city in India. The city has a natural harbour, which was developed by the British and is one of the busiest ports of India. It is home to people of all Indian creeds and cultures, a fascinating city, throbbing with life, and for many, the gateway to India. Among the activities available in Mumbai a highlight is a visit to the Prince of Wales Museum. It is modelled on the indo saracenic design, and has sections for art and paintings, archaeology, and natural history. You will also want to visit the Gateway of India, the principal landmark of Mumbai, and the major landmark in the harbour in the days when visitors arrived by ship. The gateway was conceived following the visit of King George V to India in 1911, and was officially opened in 1924.Its architecture is a blend of styles with elements derived from Muslim styles of 16th century Gujarat and France's Arc de Triomphe .A major landmark of this vibrant city is the Victoria terminus railway station. You can also take a drive up to Malabar hill to the lovely hanging gardens and the Kamala Nehru Park from where you will get a wonderful view of Mumbai and the Arabian Sea spread out before you. Another 'must' for visitors to Mumbai is an excursion to Elephanta Island. The island is famous for its great cave shrine, excavated in the sixth century. The cave temple, which is the pride of Elephanta, sprawls over an area of approximately 5000 square meters, and is reached by climbing a flight of more than 100 steps, to the top of the hill. One's attention is immediately drawn to the series of marvellous sculptured panels, nine in all, which seems to create an energy field in the cave premises. Each of the panels captures the volatility of Shiva's essentially paradoxical nature. The magical interplay of light and shade only intensifies the overall effect.